During pregnancy there is a chance that a woman may experience miscarriage and the risk of miscarriage is highest between first to eight weeks of pregnancy. After reaching 20 weeks gestation, it is not considered as miscarriage and it is called stillbirth. Pregnancy is a long and complex process and in this process there are many steps and stages. Miscarriage is a simultaneous abortion that can happen to anyone but mainly it happens because of genetic abnormality. There are also many types of miscarriage so if you have a previous experience of a miscarriage then the risk of miscarriage during your next pregnancy depends on the type of your past miscarriage. So, the percentage of risk of miscarriage depends on other factors along with the time period of pregnancy.
If miscarriage happens before 12 weeks of pregnancy then it is called an early miscarriage and if it happens between 12 to 20 weeks of pregnancy then it is called a late miscarriage. Most of the early miscarriages are caused by chromosomal abnormalities and most of the late miscarriages are caused by abnormalities in the uterus. There are also other factors that can cause miscarriage but these 2 are the most common ones. Usually the risk of miscarriage is higher during the early pregnancy and as the pregnancy process continues the risk of miscarriage decreases. This is why it is recommended that women should stay alert during their early pregnancy and avoid the things that can lead to miscarriage. Alcohol, smoking, certain types of medicines and caffeine should be avoided. Also, a pregnant woman should eat a healthy and balanced diet to keep her body fit for the process. Also, once the fetus starts developing your body will need certain materials more and also it needs to be fit. So, make chart of your diet after talking to the doctor and do the recommended exercises during your pregnancy by the doctor. Here is a statistics of risk of miscarriage week by week during pregnancy:
· Miscarriage can happen to any woman. It can be triggered by stress, depression or any physical condition. Most of the miscarriages (50% to 70%) happen during the first trimester.
· 20% of pregnancies experience miscarriage especially during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
· Many miscarriages happen without the knowledge of the woman and it is highest during first one to two weeks of pregnancy because many women do not realize that they are pregnant at that time.
· When you reach to 3 to 6 weeks of pregnancy then the chances of miscarriage drops down to 10% and after 6 weeks to until 12 weeks the chance of miscarriage drops even lower to 5%.
If you had an ectopic pregnancy before then there is a 15% chance that you may have another ectopic pregnancy. If you have miscarriage in your first pregnancy then there is a 10% to 13% chance that you may have another miscarriage. If you have given birth to 2 babies and experienced 2 miscarriages then there is a 40% chance of experiencing repeat miscarriage. Having three miscarriages is very damaging for the woman and having more than three miscarriages may drop your chance of pregnancy to 0-5% if you have not given birth to any baby before.
If you miss your period or see any signs of pregnancy then you should immediately do a test to check whether you are pregnant or not. Many women fail to notice that they are pregnant during their early weeks (1-2 weeks) and as a result they do not remain cautious enough or avoid the things that should be avoided during pregnancy. This is a very common cause behind miscarriage. If you are trying to conceive then you should know all the symptoms of pregnancy and also get yourself educated about the whole process of pregnancy and miscarriage so that you can reduce the risk of miscarriage.
Miscarriage is a horrible experience for the couple and it can affect many aspects of their lives but if the couple takes necessary precautions then they can protect themselves from the risk of miscarriage. Miscarriage is called simultaneous abortion because most of the time there is no prevention from miscarriage but that does not mean that you should lose hope and stop doing anything against it. Miscarriage can be avoided in certain cases where factors like emotional disorder (stress, depression) play role in it. So get yourself educated about miscarriage and the causes of miscarriage so that you can reduce the risk of miscarriage.